How Do You Treat a Testicular Infection in a Dog?

Other than NSAIDs, ice and support of the scrotum, some dogs may benefit from eating foods rich in antioxidants like prunes, berries, raisins and kale.

An infection such as brucellosis may lead to painful, inflamed testicles. One symptom of this infection may include fever.


Testicles are delicate organs on a dog’s body that can easily become injured through exposure to foreign substances and trauma. If a dog appears to be excessively licking his or her testicles or his scrotum is large and doughy, seeking medical assistance immediately is key in order to avoid infertility in future litters. Swollen testicles could indicate serious medical conditions that should be addressed promptly in order to maintain male fertility in future litters.

An infected testicle usually results from a bacterial infection caused by foreign objects entering, bacteria from urine or prostatic secretions or trauma such as puncture wounds entering. This condition, called orchitis, affects one (unilateral) or both testicles (bilateral). Furthermore, orchitis often involves epididymis inflammation at the rear of both testicles which houses the sperm.

Other causes of swollen testicles in dogs may be contact dermatitis from exposure to toxic plants or cleaning products that irritate the skin, such as plants or cleaning agents. While it can affect any part of the body, male dogs often exhibit it in their genital area where it often results in itching, reddening and sore testicles as symptoms of contact dermatitis.

Untreated testicular infections may result in tumors, a potentially painful and debilitating side-effect that often includes other symptoms like blood in the scrotum or loss of appetite. Sertoli cell tumors, Leydig cell tumors and seminomas are common testicular tumors while lipomas, hemangiomas and other solid masses can also form.

Testicular torsion, also known as testicular twisting or torsion, is another condition that can impact the scrotum. This occurs when there is twisting or kinking of the spermatic cord that connects testicles to scrotum – it requires immediate veterinary treatment as dogs with this condition suffer severe pain as well as having doughy scrotums and are usually infertile, even after treatment; such animals should never be used for reproduction.

Pain Relief

Your dog may be suffering from orchitis if his testicles have become enlarged and painful. Orchitis is an inflammation of the testicles or epididymides (testicular tube where sperm is stored). It may affect either one (unilateral) or both (bilateral), acutely symptomatic or chronically asymptomatic, caused by bacteria such as Brucella canis; other possible sources include chronic prostatitis seeding the testicles with bacteria from chronic prostatitis seeding chronic prostatitis seeding the testicles with bacteria seeded from chronic prostatitis seeding chronic prostatitis seeding the testicles with bacteria from chronic prostatitis seeding the testicles seeded with bacteria from chronic prostatitis seeding the testicles along with tick-borne diseases like Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Ehrlichiosis.

Your pet may suffer from contact dermatitis caused by plants, chemicals or cleaning products and can result in swelling, redness, itchiness and pain – symptoms which may be worsened further by them licking or scratching their genital area.

Hernias in the scrotum can cause itching and discomfort for your pet, often appearing with an unsightly large bulge on the backside of their scrotum. Treatment options typically involve antibiotics and fluid drips.

Tumors may develop in the testicles as well, typically among intact male dogs over 10 years of age and due to various causes. As soon as your pet presents symptoms it should be evaluated by a veterinarian immediately to identify what’s going on and the most suitable treatment plan.

Scrotal ultrasound can assist veterinarians in accurately diagnosing orchitis and determining its severity, both chronic or acute. This non-invasive process enables veterinarians to view structures within your pet’s scrotum and allow them to distinguish between hernia, abscesses and torsion which causes pain without impacting testicles; castration may be recommended depending on circumstances; castration often leads to infertility from orchitis; keeping weight under control will reduce this risk further.

Jock Straps

A jock strap is a piece of male underwear designed to support the front of the testicles. It consists of an elastic waist band with an indentation for the genitalia and two elastic straps extending around each buttock, as well as two additional straps encircling both. A jock strap can help male athletes prevent serious injury during contact sports while its female equivalent, known as jillstrap, protects the vulva during athletic competitions.

Swollen testicles may be caused by infections like orchitis and epididymitis. Left untreated, these conditions can result in permanent infertility; antibiotic treatment along with bed rest and the use of an athletic supporter may speed recovery and relieve swelling and pain in the scrotum. In some instances, ice packs may also help relieve discomfort in the area.

Anorchia and blue balls, though less common than their counterparts, do still occur, and should your dog be diagnosed with them, it will likely be recommended by his veterinarian that he undergo a surgical removal to eliminate his testicles before any infections develop in his scrotum. Neutering your pup will help avoid future problems in its scrotum such as infections that could worsen over time and other potential complications from occurring.

Swollen testicles in dogs may be a telltale sign of serious medical conditions like cancer or tumors, so it’s wise to have an appointment scheduled with their veterinarian right away if one appears. They will then be able to inspect the tissues around their scrotum for signs of infection, injury or cancer as well as diabetes or liver disease symptoms – the sooner a diagnosis can be made the easier treatment will be – most cases show little lasting impact if caught early enough!


Veterinarians can provide effective care for conditions affecting your dog’s genital area. One common surgical procedure in this area is castration to reduce future scrotal infections and associated health conditions like prostate cancer, testicular atrophy and bladder disease in male dogs. Surgery may also be used to treat other issues that affect either one or both testicles, including orchitis (inflammation of either one or both testicles), spermatocele (a fluid filled cyst in the epididymis), or brucellosis.

Orchitis can be caused by various sources, including urinary tract infections, prostatic secretions, bacterial infection, blood and mucus membranes or trauma such as puncture wounds. Scrotal sac and epididymis infections often accompany orchitis in one individual patient; orchitis symptoms often manifest themselves with hard, swollen and painful testicles that require immediate veterinary attention for diagnosis so the appropriate antibiotics can be prescribed to your pet.

Spermatocele, or cyst in the epididymis, is an urgent veterinary concern and should be treated immediately to avoid infertility in breeding animals. Cold compresses may help relieve swelling and heat; surgery will likely be required unless partial castration can be performed instead.

Brucellosis is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by infections with Brucella canis bacteria, which are highly contagious and affect not only dogs but sheep, goats, cattle, deer, elk and other animals as well. These infections often result in inflammation to scrotum, testicles and epididymis – leaving male dogs affected usually sterile.

Male dogs whose testicles haven’t descended from their abdomen may be predisposed to seminomas and Sertoli cell tumors, two forms of benign tumors which occur on non-descended testicles known as seminomas and Sertoli cell tumors. Tumors that develop within normally descended scrotal testicles typically stay local while those that remain retained can spread further, even to lymph nodes and organs; surgery to remove such testicles requires opening the abdominal cavity, making removal the sole domain of veterinary surgeons.

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